Area: Country level, with special focus on a 60,000km² area in southern Finland
Value chain: Large industry dominates
Biogeografical area: Boreal
Case Study - Finland
Wood & biomass production
Carbon sequestration & storage
Case study Q&A
How does the value chain look like: supply, demand, timber market?
Demand of wood is largely determined by a few large companies operating large pulp, paper and sawmills in the area.Most of the demand is satisfied by active forest management in private forests. Wood markets are active. In past years, raw wood was also imported from Russia to satisfy the industrial demand. State forests supplies less than ten percent of annuallycut roundwood volume in Finland.
What are the silvicultural measures applied – if any?
The main silvicultural measures include regulating stand density, species mixture and harvest schedules. A general recommendation has been to favour deciduous mixture and fairly low stand densities, as well as to conduct all management actions on time. To avoid damage to Norway spruce, the recommendation is not to plant it in sites of too low fertility or too low soil moisture. In addition, biocontrol agent RotStop and ureaare applied to fresh cutstump surface to reduce the risk of invasion of root rot to the harvestedsite,and game management is used with the attempt to reduce elk damage, in particular.
What is the amount of the wood harvested?
Annual roundwood removals within study area (60,000km², 70% of which productive forests)